28 Dog And Cat Species That You Had No Idea Existed

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Pretty much everyone loves puppies and cats, which is why you can find at least one of the two in most households.

They are so common, in fact, that upwards of 47 percent of Americans have puppies, and 37 percentage have cats. By this phase, “youre supposed to” feel like you’ve seen them all, right?

Wrong. Take these beautiful puppies and cats, for example. They are some of the rarest and most endangered species in the world. They haven’t been domesticated or anything, but learning more about them can help us better understand what needs to be done to save these amazing creatures.

1. Rusty Spotted Cat

This is one of the smallest species of cats in the world, and it can only be found in India and Sri Lanka.

2. Pallas’s Cat

This Eastern European beauty is thought to be one of the oldest cat species in the world.

3. Margay

Loss of habitat in Central and South America contributes to the endangerment of these beautiful animals.

4. Chinese Mountain Cat

It is believed that there are fewer than 10,000 of these cats left.

5. Fishing Cat

You can find these imperiled animals in South Asia, and they’re known for their superior angling abilities.

6. Sand Cat

These desert-dwelling felines can be found in North Africa and South Asia. They have the highest bite force-out quotient of any cat in the world.

7. Black-Footed Cat

This is the smallest African cat. They are largely nocturnal, and that could be why they’re rarely watched by humans.

8. Andean Mountain Cat

There only about 2,500 of them left, so spotting them in the wild is a rarity.

9. Bay Cat

Endangered because of habitat loss, these beautiful felines often have been victims of deforestation. They are native to the island of Borneo, and their population is estimated to be less than 2,500.

10. Flat-Headed Cat

These adorable critters hail from Borneo, Sumatra, and the Malay Penninsula. Their populations are also threatened.

11. Caracal

Everyone knows that Africa is home to lions, but these African cats are uniquely beautiful.

12. Kodkod

Living in Chile and Argentina, these cats typically call rainforests home. There are fewer than 10,000 of them in the wild.

13. Jaguarundi

Found in Central and South America, these cats are heavily hunted for their fur, which has landed them on the endangered species list.

14. Pampas Cat

Pampas cats really haven’t been studied much by researchers, so very little is known about them. What scientists do know, however, is that their populations are also dangerously low.

15. Bush Dog

These Central and South American dogs are known for their swimming skills, which are made all the more impressive by their webbed feet.

16. Hoary Fox

These cuties are native to Brazil, and they principally hunt rodents.

17. New Guinea Singing Dog

Hailing from Papua New Guinea, these adorable dogs are famous for their musical bark. Don’t you wish you could take one home?

18. Bat-Eared Fox

Native to the African Savanna, the bat-eared fox employs its ears to regulate body temperature and locate prey.

19. Raccoon Dog

They look like racoons, but these East Asian puppies aren’t related to them in any way.

20. Ethiopian Wolf

Part of the reason why these dogs are imperiled is because of their picky eating habits. They only really eat afro-alpine rodents, which require very specific living conditions. It is considered Africa’s most endangered carnivore.

21. Darwin’s Fox

You can find this critically endangered canine in Chile. There are only about 300 left in the wild, attaining it one of the rarest animals on this list.

22. Island Fox

These can be found on the Channel Islands of California and there are many different subspecies of them. They are also believed to be some of the smallest foxes in North America.

23. Culpeo

These South American foxes are among the largest wild canines on the continent.

24. Dhole

They’re not vocal, and instead, they communicate with body language.

25. Painted Dog

Sub-Saharan Africa is home to these puppies, which are some of the most social wild canines.

26. Crab-Eating Fox

Found in South America, crab-eating foxes love enjoying nice seafood dinners.

27. Short-Eared Amazon Dog

Many of these dogs live in the rainforests of Peru, and they’re especially elusive. Only a few studies have been conducted to learn more about their lives.

28. Maned Wolf

Despite its name, this critter isn’t actually a wolf! It’s not a fox, either. In fact, it’s the only species in the genus Chrysocyon .


If we want to see these dogs and cats for years to come, there is a requirement take better care of our planet. Many of them are endangered due to deforestation and habitat loss, so we need to be more responsible.

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