Zaha Hadids Tokyo 2020 stadium was proclaimed a national joke then scrapped. Now, its proposed replacements have been disclosed and they look like an egg and a stack of saucers
It was compared to everything from a
bike helmet to a potty, and allowed to spiraling to nearly doubled its budget, before being unceremoniously scrapped and declared their own nationals embarrassment. Zaha Hadids futuristic design for Tokyos 2020 Olympic stadium would have swaggered through the historic Meiji Park like a glossy white stormtrooper, violating local build codes and leaving the city with a costly white elephant. But are the alternative proposals, eventually unveiled this week, any better?
After Hadids heady vision, the two new designs might seem a little bit bargain-basement. One looks like an undercooked fried egg a wobbly white roof with a gelatinous, albumeny middle. The other looks like a heap of salad plates cleared away before anyone had finished, with bits of lettuce poking out from between the stack of saucers.
But both are significantly slimmer and cheaper than Hadids design around 153 bn yen( APS8 35 m ), as opposed to 252 bn yen( APS1. 3bn) and they appear to be models of a lighter-weight, low-key approach that would fit better with the parkland setting. Anonymously released as Design A and Design B, but believed to be the work of celebrated Japanese architects
Kengo Kuma and Toyo Ito, both are titled Stadium in a Forest and build prominent utilize of wooden construction, in contrast to Hadids hefty steel arches.
Design A a stack of salad plates? Illustration: Japan Sports Council
Scheme A( which looks like the work of Kuma to me) has a roof supported by a dense lattice of exposed lumber truss. If well-detailed it could be a magnificent thing, forming a cats cradle of interlocking rays above spectators heads and recollecting the intricate intricacy of Japanese joinery. It would be a first for any contemporary stadium, which usually rely on steel and stretchy skins of PVC and ETFE, and a welcome nod to the countrys build traditions.
From outside, its seating terraces look like slender piles of plates, supported on rings of raked column with the air of a traditional Japanese temple, while the whole thing is garnished with greenery. Its too early to tell whether it will be token sprigs or full-sized trees( as some opinions suggest ), but it could enable the park to reclaim the structure after the
Olympics, engulfing it with greenery.
Scheme B appears more like it was born on Planet Ito. It has the Pritzker prize-winning designers trademark amoebic geometries, with an undulating white steel roof that ripples over the seating bowl, like a toned-down version of
SANAAs entry to the original stadium rivalry. A colonnade of majestic lumber columns march around the perimeter, supporting the roof that flares out like a peaked sailors cap. The whole thing is proposed to be sheathed in a full-height scalp of glass, bringing all the usual metaphors of transparency and reflection, and allowing the structure to dissolve into the park.
Design B a sailors hat? Illustration: Japan Sports Council
Whether covering a stadium in plants or glass offers more potential for it to disappear is debatable and perhaps irrelevant, given that any Olympic stadium will be very visible indeed , no matter what rhetorical flourishes the architects try and achieve. Design B could be ethereal, or it could look like a lumpen IMAX cinema.
Design A could be a wondrous wooden tree-house, or a half-baked idea disguised with garden trellis.
Local reaction has been lukewarm in so far. Both designs have a mundane appearance, Yasuhiro Kimura, a 34 -year-old out jogging near the construction site on Monday, told the
Japan Times. I cant tell one from the other. They dont have the characteristics particular to Tokyo, added 16 -year-old Akihiro Mori, a high school baseball player, in a disapproving tone.
Such reactions hit on the eternal existential nub of any Olympic stadium design: people expect them to be dazzlingly iconic, the pride of the nation capable of seducing the global TV audience at the opening yet they also insist they must be built at a cut-price expense with as little impact on the context as possible. The two rarely go hand in hand.
Intergalactic motorcycle helmet Zaha Hadids cancelled stadium design. Illustration: Uncredited/ Japan Sports Council
Both Kuma and Ito are eminently capable. They understand the Tokyo context and they both signed the petition to halt Hadids plan, giving the most recent rivalry an unfortunate backstabbing air. When Hadids scheme was first unveiled, it was met with a scald assault from the Japanese architectural community. Arata Isozaki, designer of Barcelonas Olympic stadium, described Hadids project as a monumental mistake and warned it would be a humiliation to future generations. In a lengthy open letter to the Japan Sports Council, the governmental forces body in charge of plans for the 2020 games, he railed against the distorted process that had led to a dull, slow kind, like a turtle waiting for
Japan to sink so that it can swim away.
Ito was more measured in his criticism, choosing to softly work up an
alternative proposal that would have incorporated the original 1964 Olympic stadium, a 54,000 -capacity venue already on the site. He argued it could be upgraded and reused, just as successful refurbishments had been made to the Olympiastadion in Berlin, host of the 1936 Game, and to the Memorial Coliseum in Los Angeles, Olympic host in 1932 and 1984. His alternative could have been the best alternative of all if the structure hadnt already been reduced to a heap of rubble.
Cats cradle of timber Design A features a lattice roof of exposed wooden truss. Illustration: Japan Sport Council/ AFP/ Getty Images
As for Hadid, her practice is bitterly disappointed at the route they have been treated.
They had always maintained that the spiralling costs were an expression of the results of rising construction costs in Tokyo , not their design.
It is disappointing that the government did not even hold working with the existing design team to build on the two years of design work they and the Japanese people had invested, said a spokesman for the practice. The rules of entry to the new competition restricted the existing design team, as well as many other Japanese and international architects and contractors that wished to take part, from entering. There are now serious hazards of a rushed process, with no certainty on the likely construction costs of the stadium, and that it may not be ready in time or deliver a significant sporting legacy without expensive conversion after the 2020 Games.
The dangers are real, and the whole process has been a sorry but familiar tale. Originally intended to host the 2019 Rugby World Cup, the new stadium now wont be ready in time. But, whichever option they select, Im looking forward to seeing what could be the first wooden Olympic stadium in history. As long as they go easy on the fireworks.